This guide addresses apparel, including children’s apparel, and household textiles. It does not include other textiles, such as sleeping bags, tents, sporting goods, or other non-household products that contain or are made from textile materials.
OVERVIEW OF U.S. FEDERAL REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
Once a law has been enacted by Congress, the appropriate federal agency (e.g., the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the Federal Trade Commission, the National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration, et al.) may create the regulations to implement the law. Before such regulations can be adopted, the appropriate federal agency ordinarily will issue a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to solicit public comments on the proposed rules. To provide opportunity for public comment, the appropriate federal agency must issue draft regulations or “Proposed Rules” that are published in the Federal Register (and that subsequently are notified as World Trade Organization Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (WTO TBT) notifications by the U.S. national WTO TBT Notification Authority at NIST). The agency carefully reviews each comment and modifies the proposed rule, as appropriate, based on the record. The agency can then issue a Final Rule that also is published in the Federal Register, and later, published annually in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Together, the enabling acts and laws and the final regulations (published in the CFR) provide a framework for the implementation and enforcement of most federal laws in the United States.
A Guide to U.S. Apparel and Household Textiles Compliance Requirements, NIST, FTC, CPSC, etc. Oct 2012, Revised Aug 2013