Energy security has become a top priority issue for the United States and countries around the globe, but what does the term “energy security” really mean? For many it is assuring the safe supply and transport of energy as a matter of national security. For others it is developing and moving toward sustainable and low-carbon energy sources to avoid environmental catastrophe, while still others prioritize affordability and abundance of supply.
The demand for energy has ramifications in every part of the globe —from growing demand in Asia, to the pursuit of reserves in Latin America and Africa, to the increased clout of energy-producing states such as Russia and Iran.
Yet the fact remains that the vast majority of global energy production still comes from fossil fuels, and it will take a thorough understanding of the interrelationships of complex challenges —finite supply, environmental concerns, political and religious conflict, and economic volatility —to develop policies that will lead to true energy security.
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Welcome to the Revolution: Why Shale Is the Next Shale, Foreign Affairs, May/June 2014