The U.S. Treasury Department issued a Notice concerning Sec 911 and housing costs.
The limitation on housing expenses eligible for exclusion or deduction for Vietnam is:
|Country||Location||Daily Limit||Yearly Limit|
|Vietnam||Hanoi||US$ 122.22||US$ 46,800|
Ho Chi Minh City information has not yet been provided, and AmCham will contact Treasury about this.
Part III – Administrative, Procedural, and Miscellaneous
Determination of housing cost amount eligible for exclusion or deduction.
This notice provides adjustments to the limitation on housing expenses for purposes of section 911 of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) for specific locations, on the basis of geographic differences in housing costs relative to housing costs in the United States.
Section 911(a) of the Code allows a qualified individual to elect to exclude from U.S. gross income the foreign earned income and housing cost amount of such individual. Section 911©(1), as amended by section 515 of the Tax Increase Prevention and Reconciliation Act of 2005 (TIPRA), defines the term “housing cost amount” as an amount equal to the excess of (A) the housing expenses of an individual for the taxable year to the extent such expenses do not exceed the amount determined under section 911©(2), over (B) 16 percent of the exclusion amount (computed on a daily basis) in effect under section 911(b)(2)(D) for the calendar year in which such taxable year begins ($67.73 per day for 2006, or $82,400 for the full year), multiplied by the number of days of that taxable year within the applicable period described in section 911(d)(1). The applicable period is the period during which the individual meets the tax home requirement of section 911(d)(1) and either the bona fide residence requirement of section 911(d)(1)(A) or the physical presence requirement of section 911(d)(1)(B). Assuming that the entire taxable year of a qualified individual is within the applicable period, the section 911©(1)(B) amount for 2006 is $13,184 ($82,400 x .16).
Section 515 of TIPRA also added a new section 911©(2)(A) of the Code, which limits the housing expenses taken into account in section 911©(1)(A) to an amount equal to the product of – (i) 30 percent (adjusted as may be provided under the Secretary’s authority under section 911©(2)(B)) of the amount in effect under section 911(b)(2)(D) for the calendar year in which the taxable year of the individual begins, multiplied by (ii) the number of days of that taxable year within the applicable period described in section 911(d)(1). Thus, for the year 2006, a qualified individual whose entire taxable year is within the applicable period is limited to maximum housing expenses of $24,720 ($82,400 x .30). Accordingly, the maximum housing cost amount a qualified individual may exclude from income in year 2006 is $11,536 ($24,720 – $13,184). The TIPRA changes apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2005.
To the extent the housing cost amount of any individual for any taxable year is not attributable to employer provided amounts, section 911©(4)(A) of the Code provides that such amount shall be treated as a deduction in computing adjusted gross income. Under section 911©(4)(B), however, the amount of this deduction is limited to the excess of the foreign earned income of the individual for the taxable year over the amount of such income excluded from gross income under section 911(a).
In addition, section 911(d)(7) of the Code prohibits the total amount excluded or deducted under section 911 for the taxable year from exceeding the individual’s foreign earned income for such year. Further, section 911(b)(1)(B) excludes from the definition of foreign earned income certain amounts, including amounts paid by the United States or an agency thereof to an employee of the United States or an agency thereof. As a result, the exclusion or deduction from gross income of the housing cost amount under section 911 is not available to an individual whose earned income consists solely of amounts paid by the United States or an agency thereof to an employee of the United States or an agency thereof.
Section 911©(2)(B) of the Code authorizes the Secretary to issue regulations or other guidance to adjust the percentage under section 911©(2)(A)(i) based on geographic differences in housing costs relative to housing costs in the United States. The Joint Explanatory Statement of the Committee of Conference accompanying TIPRA states the conferees’ intent that the Secretary be permitted to use publicly available data, such as the Quarterly Report Indexes published by the U.S. Department of State or any other information that the Secretary deems reliable, in making adjustments. See H.R. Conf. Rep. No. 304, 109th Cong., 1st Sess. 309 (2005).
Accordingly, the following table , which was derived from the Living Quarters Allowance table prepared by the Office of Allowances of the U.S. Department of State as of August 20, 2006, identifies locations within countries with high housing costs relative to housing costs in the United States, and provides an adjusted limitation on housing expenses for a qualified individual incurring housing expenses in one or more of these high cost localities in 2006 to use (in lieu of the otherwise applicable limitation of $24,720) in determining his or her housing expenses under section 911©(2)(A) of the Code. The table will be updated each year by administrative pronouncement (e.g., through issuing a notice, amending Form 2555 or the instructions thereto, or by making a revised table available on the IRS website at http://www.irs.gov), beginning in 2007, based on the living quarters allowance for employees of the U.S. Department of State who are in Group 2, with family, contained in the first Living Quarters Allowance table released in that calendar year by the Office of Allowances of the U.S. Department of State.
A qualified individual incurring housing expenses in one or more of the high cost localities identified above for the year 2006 may use the adjusted limit provided in the table (in lieu of $24,720) in determining his or her housing cost amount on Form 2555, Foreign Earned Income. A qualified individual who does not incur housing expenses in a locality identified above for the year 2006 is limited to maximum housing expenses of $67.73 per day ($24,720 per year) in determining his or her housing cost amount.
This notice is effective for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2006.
The principal author of this notice is Paul J. Carlino of the Office of Associate Chief Counsel (International). For further information regarding this notice contact Mr. Carlino at (202) 622-3840 (not a toll-free call).
Request for Comments
Comments are requested on the method identified in the notice for annual updates to the list contained in this notice. If a taxpayer believes that the average housing costs for a specific location differ significantly from the amount provided in this notice, the IRS and Treasury Department are particularly interested in information on housing costs that can be verified through publicly available data. Comments may be submitted to CC:PA:LPD:PR (Notice 2006-87), Room 5203, Internal Revenue Service, PO Box 7604, Washington, DC 20044. Submissions may also be hand-delivered Monday through Friday between the hours of 8 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. to Crystal Mall 4, room 108, 1901 South Bell Street, Arlington, VA 22202, Attn: CC:PA:LPD:PR (Notice 2006-87). Submissions may also be sent electronically via the internet to the following email address: [email protected] Include the notice number (Notice 2006-87) in the subject line.
CountryLocationLimitation on Housing Expenses (daily)Limitation on Housing Expenses (full year)
ArgentinaBuenos Aires120.27 43,900
Bahamas, TheNassau136.16 49,700
BrazilRio de Janeiro96.16 35,100
BrazilSao Paolo127.40 46,500
CanadaLondon, Ontario70.41 25,700
ColombiaAll cities other than Bogota and Barranquilla123.01 44,900
Costa RicaSan Jose71.78 26,200
Dominican RepublicSanto Domingo110.96 40,500
El SalvadorSan Salvador69.04 25,200
FranceLe Havre97.26 35,500
GermanyBad Aibling92.05 33,600
GermanyFrankfurt am Main112.88 41,200
GermanyKaiserslautern, Landkreis121.64 44,400
GermanyAll cities other than Augsburg, Bad Aibling, Bad Kreuznach, Baumholder, Berchtesgaden, Berlin, Bonn, Bremen, Bremerhaven, Cologne, Darmstadt, Duesseldorf, Flensburg, Frankfurt am Main, Friedberg, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Geilenkirchen, Germersheim, Giessen, Grafenwoehr, Hamburg, Hanau, Hannover, Heidelberg, Heilbron, Kaiserslautern, Landkreis, Karlsruhe, Kerpen, Koblenz, Leipzig, Muenster, Munich, Nuernberg, Osterholz-Scharmbeck, Rheinberg, Stuttgart, Wiesbaden, Worms, and Wuerzburg.92.60 33,800
GuatemalaGuatemala City103.01 37,600
Holy See, TheHoly See, The146.58 53,500
Hong KongHong Kong313.15 114,300
ItalyGioia Tauro85.48 31,200
ItalyAll cities other than Avellino, Brindisi, Catania, Florence, Gaeta, Genoa, Gioia Tauro, Leghorn, Milan, Naples, Nettuno, Pordenone-Aviano, Rome, Sardinia, Turin, Verona, and Vicenza.84.11 30,700
JapanOkinawa Prefecture123.56 45,100
KoreaOsan AB88.77 32,400
KoreaAll cities other than Changwon, Chinhae, Chunchon, Kunsun, Kwangju, Osan AB, Pusan, Seoul, Taegu, Tongduchon, Uijongbu, and Waegwan.83.29 30,400
KuwaitKuwait City163.84 59,800
KuwaitAll cities other than Kuwait City146.85 53,600
MalaysiaKuala Lampur96.71 35,300
MalaysiaAll cities other than Kuala Lampur92.33 33,700
MexicoMexico City102.74 37,500
NetherlandsHague, The150.41 54,900
NetherlandsAll cities other than Amsterdam, Brunssum, Coevorden, the Hague, Margraten, and Rotterdam. 76.71 28,000
Netherlands AntillesAruba90.41 33,000
New ZealandWellington73.15 26,700
New ZealandAuckland77.26 28,200
NorwayAll cities other than Oslo and Stavanger.91.78 33,500
PanamaPanama City88.22 32,200
Peru Lima74.79 27,300
SwitzerlandAll cities other than Bern and Geneva.90.14 32,900
United KingdomLondon197.53 72,100
United KingdomBath103.84 37,900
United KingdomBristol78.08 28,500
United KingdomCambridge109.32 39,900
United KingdomCaversham187.40 68,400
United KingdomCheltenham111.51 40,700
United KingdomFairford88.49 32,300
United KingdomFarnborough130.14 47,500
United KingdomFelixstowe110.96 40,500
United KingdomHarrogate110.41 40,300
United KingdomHigh Wycombe157.53 57,500
United KingdomLakenheath140.00 51,100
United KingdomLoudwater133.42 48,700
United KingdomOxfordshire79.18 28,900
United KingdomRochester101.37 37,000
United KingdomWiltshire96.16 35,100
United KingdomAll cities other than Bath, Belfast, Birmingham, Bristol, Brough, Bude, Cambridge, Caversham, Chelmsford, Cheltenham, Chicksands, Dunstable, Edinburgh, Edzell, Fairford, Farnborough, Felixstowe, Ft. Halstead, Glenrothes, Harrogate, High Wycombe, Hythe, Lakenheath, London, Loudwater, Nottingham, Oxfordshire, Rochester, Welford, West Byfleet, and Wiltshire.96.16 35,100