—(Summary)—:Party Secretary Nguyen Thien Nhan opened the event. Speakers emphasized (1) the “suburbanization” of manufacturing moving to the east of HCMC, in particular, and (2) the need for close collaboration between HCMC and neighboring provinces for a regional effort to plan and build the needed infrastructure to support HCMC’s planned “service economy.” Planners from the neighboring provinces were said to be at the conference, but none had a speaking role.
During Q&A, the AmCham rep asked about the mechanism to assure the needed collaboration between jurisdictions in the HCMC Region. The Foreign Experts gave examples of “international practice.” The Head of the Department of Planning and Architecture (DPA) said all provinces collaborated together in developing and implementing the “National Plan”
Possible follow-up: As a followup, we might ask the Department of Planning and Architecture to organize a workshop on collaboration between HCMC and provinces to the East: Binh Duong, Dong Nai, BR-VT, with a focus on land transport to support the Long Thanh airport and the Cai Mep/Thi Vai seaports. We could also express an interest in supporting the infrastructure needed for both the airport and the seaports, by asking U.S. firms to participate in the design, construction and financing. We would need to have support from FCS and from TDA, and the Development Finance Corp. (DFC), as well.
The subject conference had four presenters, followed by an hour-long Q&A and discussion.
- “Pattern and Trend of HCMC’s Spatial, Industrial, and Economic Transformation,” World Bank, Jerry Chen – Sector Coordinator for Urban Development of Vietnam, an on-going study, “Vietnam Urbanization Review,” will be published in Dec, 2019. pp 30-39 of the Conference Handout Book
- “Integrated Infrastructure, Transport, and Land-Use Planning Driving Economic Opportunity,” Halvard Dalheim, Executive Director of City Planning Strategy, New South Wales (NSW) Department of Planning and Environment, pp 70 -77 of Conference Handout Book?
- “Public Transport Service Innovation: Seoul Experience,” Prof Gyeng Chul Kim, Former President, Korea Transport Institute, pp 78-111 of Conference Handout Book
- “Some Suggestions for Service Infrastructure Development in Restructuring Process of HCMC Region,” Dr. Nguyen Ngoc Hieu, Vietnamese German University, pp 54-59 of Conference Handout Book (in Vietnamese)
Conference Handout Book
In the Q&A period, the Directors of Department of Industry and Trade, Tourism and Sports, ICT, had 5 min each to explain their plans.
DoIT talked about Logistics Center plans, supermarkets, etc., Tourism/Sports talked about theme parks/entertainment centers, and DICT talked about “smart cities” and 5G networks.
During the Q&A period, the AmCham rep had an opportunity to ask a question, as follows:
“The WB representative highlighted the “suburbanization” of manufacturing industry in the HCMC Region, with more factories being built in Binh Duong, Dong Nai, Ba Ria-Vung Tau in particular.
“The NSW representative focused on the importance of integration of planning transport, land-use, and infrastructure, and “horizontal” collaboration between those city departments (in Sydney), as well as “vertical” collaboration between National Australian Gov, NSW province, Sydney, and local subunits in Sydney.
“The Vietnamese-German Univ. rep discussed both those topics
- Noting the larger distances in the HCMC economic region in the future, with Long Thanh airport (in Dong Nai) replacing Tan Son Nhat (in SGN), and Cai Mep/Thi Vai seaports (in BR-VT) replacing Cat Lai (in SGN), so that
- HCMC departments would need to collaborate on regional planning with departments in Binh Duong, Dong Nai, and Ba Ria-Vung Tau, for roads to the east of SNG to link HCMC with Long Thanh and Cai Mep/Thi Vai, as well as with Long An and Tien Giang to the west of Saigon, to provide transport links for trade and logistics services to companies in the Mekong Delta.”
So, the AmCham rep asked, “What is the mechanism to assure the needed collaboration?”
There was no direct answer at first, but the “foreign experts” provided “international experience” examples.
The NSW rep reply was, “A mechanism needs to be established that gets all the stakeholders together, especially businesses that will use the infrastructure, and they discuss the needs, and contribute ideas to a plan, especially the financing.”
The WB rep reply was two-fold,
- Sometimes it is better if the mechanism is an informal political mechanism, where the mayors, or leaders of the jurisdictions meet informally, say at a breakfast every two months, to discuss common interests and needs,
- It may work better if there is an “elder brother” in the group, the head of the most important jurisdiction, .
The head of the HCMC Department of Planning and Architecture then said all the planning was integrated, with a National Plan, and all provinces/cities plans based on that and coordinated, but it was not clear that this actually happens. An example of National Plans being ignored is in the report,
As a followup, AmCham might ask the Department of Planning and Architecture to organize a discussion on planning collaboration between HCMC and provinces to the East: (Binh Duong, Dong Nai, BR-VT), with a focus on land transport to support the Long Thanh airport and the Cai Mep/Thi Vai seaports. We could also express an interest in supporting the infrastructure needed for both the airport and the seaports, by having U.S. firms participate in the design, construction and financing. We would need to have support from FCS from TDA, and the Development Finance Corp., as well.
Contact points are as follows:
Mr. Ly Khanh Tam Thao – Acting Head of Urban Infrastructure
(Tel: +8490.8810825; email: [email protected]
– Mr. Vu Chi Kien – Deputy Head of Master Planning Management Division
(Tel: +8493.8099699; email: [email protected]