Click the below link to see the three slides.
The first slide explains the basis of each branch’s respective constitutional authority over trade policy; the second provides a history (list) of “trade promotion authority” granted by Congress to the President starting with the 1934 “Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act” up to the 2015 “Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act” (“Trade Promotion Authority”); and the third is a timeline showing the process of concluding, reporting, submitting an implementing bill to Congress, the 90 day period for Congressional consideration and votes, and the notices required before the TPP enters into effect.
The key dates of the timeline in slide 3 assumed that agreement would be reached in Maui at the end of July 2015, and the TPP could then be made public on or about Aug 1 and the agreement could be signed 60 days later. That assumption turned out to not be accurate. But the dates and time periods for each step in the timeline give an indication of the process of approval.
TPA reflects decades of debate, cooperation, and compromise between Congress and the executive branch in finding a pragmatic accommodation to the exercise of each branch’s respective authorities over trade policy.