Vietnam plays an important role in the apparel and footwear sector, and it is the second-largest country of production for FLA Participating Companies. In 2011, 355 suppliers employing more than 800,000 workers manufactured products for FLA Participating Companies in Vietnam. On April 11, 2012, FLA and the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI) launched an initiative funded by the U.S. Department of State to provide technical assistance and guidance to improve working conditions and social compliance programs at 50 apparel and footwear factories in Vietnam.
Ha Dang, Chief Technical Advisor, discussed the FLA 3.0 Project in Vietnam and the broader issue of “Labor and the TPP: the Case of Vietnam” on Jan 20, 2014.
View and download her presentation: Vietnam and the TPP Chapter on Labor: Presentation by Ms. Ha Dang, Chief Technical Advisor, Fair Labor Association, Jan 20, 2014
VCCI is implementing the project in collaboration with FLA, the Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs, and the Vietnam General Confederation of Labor. Through this project, VCCI and FLA aim to increase the capacity of factories in Hanoi, Thai Binh, Hai Duong, Dong Nai, Long An, and Binh Duong to assess, analyze, and improve their compliance programs to eliminate noncompliances and reduce labor rights risks in the future. The project is based on FLA’s approach to sustainable compliance, which shifts the focus from “snapshot” auditing of factories to identifying and remediating root causes of labor rights risks throughout the supply chain. The project will train factory management on how to identify compliance gaps at the factory and how to develop corrective action plans for both the short- and long-term.
TPP – TransPacific Partnership, Signed Feb 4, 2016
Chapter 19. Labour l Chapter Summary
United States – Viet Nam Plan for Enhancement of Trade and Labour Relations
Labor Chapter in the U.S. – Korea Free Trade Agreement (for reference)
1. Each Party shall adopt and maintain in its statutes and regulations, and practices thereunder, the following rights, as stated in the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and its Follow-Up (1998) (ILO Declaration)
(a) freedom of association;
(b) the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining;
(c) the elimination of all forms of compulsory or forced labor;
(d) the effective abolition of child labor and, for purposes of this Agreement, a prohibition on the worst forms of child labor; and
(e) the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.
ILO Convention on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize, (No. 87), 1948
Note: Both Vietnam and the United States are on the list of countries that have NOT ratified this convention, along with Singapore, Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand.
Published on: Jan 21, 2014. Updated: Feb 6, 2014, Mar 29, 2016.