This article will be updated as further developments in Vietnam become available.
- The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on February 27, removed Vietnam from the list of destinations vulnerable to community transmission of COVID-19 citing’s Vietnam’s comprehensive actions against the epidemic. The CDC will also send a delegation in March to enhance medical cooperation between the US and Vietnam. It also plans to establish a CDC regional office in the country.
- There have been no new cases apart from the 16 confirmed cases of COVID-19 so far since February 13. However, as per the government on February 25, all 16 of the patients have recovered and released after receiving treatment.
- Vietnam’s Prime Minister has ordered the tax authorities to reschedule tax payments to support businesses affected by COVID-19.
- Vietnam and China have agreed to reopen further border crossings to ease restrictions and normalize trade. Several border crossings in Quang Ninh, Lai Chau, Lao Cai, Lang Son, and Ha Giang have reopened. However, backlogs remain, and other border crossings remain closed.
- Khanh Hoa province, home to the tourist destination of Nha Trang has been declared COVID-19 free as of February 26. The province has not reported any COVID-19 cases since February 4. Despite the epidemic, Russian tourists have continued to visit the tourist destination of Nha Trang with just a slight dip compared to last year in the same period.
- Vietnam’s labor ministry announced that it will stop issuing new work permits to foreigners who come from areas hit by COVID-19.
- Education authorities in 14 provinces including Bac Giang, Ca Mau, Nghe An, Quang Ninh, Long An, and Quang Ngai will reopen schools in a staggered manner. High school students would start from March 2 and while elementary students from March 15. Authorities in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh are yet to make a decision.
- Vietnam’s Prime Minister has barred all travelers coming from areas that have experienced a COVID-19 outbreak. The policy includes travelers from South Korea, Japan, Italy, and Iran.
- Authorities in Da Nang and Ho Chi Minh City quarantined 83 people who arrived on flights from South Korea’s Daegu city as a precaution.
- Due to the increase in cases in South Korea, Vietnam has implemented mandatory health declarations at all international border gates for passengers arriving from South Korea.
- The government has also urged local provincial authorities to quarantine travelers arriving from Daegu and North Gyeongsang province for 14 days.
- Vietnamese expats in epidemic hit areas have been advised not to return to Vietnam at this time but follow guidelines and regulations by local authorities.
- The authorities in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City have also proposed quarantine restrictions on travelers arriving from Japan and South Korea.
- While there have been several flight cancellations to South Korea from Vietnam, the authorities have not suspended flights to and from South Korea for now. However, Vietnamese carrier Bamboo Airways has suspended all flights to and from South Korea, while all flights between Daegu and Da Nang have been suspended.
- All flights from infected areas in South Korea will be diverted to smaller airports such as Van Don in the northern Quang Ninh province, Phu Cat in the south-central Binh Dinh province and Can Tho in the Mekong Delta.
- Vietnam’s civil aviation authority suspended all flights to mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan on February 1. However, the authority lifted the ban for Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan from February 2. Flights to and from mainland China (including transit) remain suspended.
- The northern province of Cao Bang, which shares its border with China has run out of rooms for quarantining people for those returning from China. Authorities there have had to send patients to neighboring provinces of Bac Kan and Thai Nguyen for isolation. Around 700 Vietnamese that arrived from China between February 4 and 22 have been kept in isolation in Cao Bang.
- Around 600 Vietnamese nationals from China are expected to arrive in Dak Lak province. As per standard procedures, they will be quarantined for 14 days as a precaution.
- Around 2,500 workers of a Korean firm in Ha Nam province went on strike to protest against allowing Chinese staff to return to work.
- Up to 300 businesses in Vietnam have temporarily suspended operations while others have downsized due to the outbreak.
- The south-central province of Khanh Hoa, home to the tourist destination of Nha Trang is preparing measures to declare itself virus-free after no new cases were recorded in the past 30 days.
- The novel coronavirus has been renamed as COVID-19 as per the World Health Organization (WHO). The Co and Vi come from coronavirus, with D meaning disease and 19 for 2019.
- The authorities have put the commune of Son Lai under lockdown after six cases of the virus were found there. The commune comprises of several villages and is around 40 km north of the capital Hanoi. The quarantine of the commune is expected to last for 20 days.
- Samsung has stated that its Galaxy phone factories in Vietnam are now operating at full capacity.
- The Ministry of Finance (MoF) has announced a list of medical supplies including masks, dry hand sanitizers, filters, epidemic prevent suits, among others exempt from tax until the epidemic ends.
- We are hearing accounts of travelers in more remote border crossings into Vietnam being denied entry if they possess any China visa history in their passport. While this may not be an official policy, it appears to be implemented at certain border crossings in more remote areas. If travel into Vietnam is required we recommend using the main border entry-exit points.
- Dezan Shira & Associates‘, Trent Davies, Manager of our Ho Chi Minh City office, spoke at an AmCham Vietnam event Impact of Novel Coronavirus on Your Health and Business in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. During the event, Trent discussed the broad economic impact of the epidemic in Vietnam, especially in vulnerable industries such as education and tourism. A full summary can be found here.
- Vietnam issued Decision No.173.QD-TTg declaring coronavirus as an epidemic – in line with the World Health Organization’s declaration of the virus as a global health emergency.
- The government has ordered the health ministry to supervise and early detect infected cases, monitor border crossings, airports, and seaports, particularly for passengers coming from affected areas.
- Vietnam stopped issuing visas for Chinese tourists on January 30 as a temporary measure. Foreign visitors who have visited mainland China (including transit) in the past 14 days from arrival will also be denied entry into Vietnam.
- Passenger train services between Vietnam and China have been suspended until further notice, however freight train services between the two countries continue to operate.
- On February 4, more than 200 passengers from China were denied entry at Ho Chi Minh City airport by border officials. The passengers were sent back on respective flights.
- The labor ministry has also asked businesses to keep names and other information of Chinese and foreign workers who have visited virus affected areas. In addition, they must be quarantined for two weeks for health checks.
- Vietnam’s airports have been ordered to deploy additional personnel and coordinate with local health agencies to deploy body temperature scanning equipment as well as a screening of passengers.
- Building management of some apartment buildings in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City have begun body temperature checks for people entering the building. Ho Chi Minh City officials have asked building authorities to strengthen preventive measures at apartment buildings.
- The government has also urged local authorities to limit festivities and gatherings related to the Lunar New Year Holiday.
- Hanoi authorities have planned two field hospitals in case infections rise.
Impact and Summary
Vietnam has currently declared 16 cases of the coronavirus infection; however, we have concerns that more cases will arise. Chinese nationals and those arriving from South Korea, Japan, Italy and Iran will face additional checks and screening. As mentioned earlier, all 16 of the patients have recovered and have been discharged from hospitals.
The virus’s symptoms are respiratory and seem to start with a fever, cough, and shortness of breath gradually. However, in serious cases, it can lead to pneumonia, acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and death.
There is currently no vaccine, so patients are being treated for their symptoms.
Vietnam’s health ministry has further stated that the fatality rate of the virus is 2 percent as compared to the 9.6 percent of the SARS virus in 2002-2003.
Recent developments indicate that some Chinese travelers may have already been infected but not realized it – the virus appears to have a non-symptomatic 7-14 day incubation period. Further border checks and other travel restrictions are possible given the rapidly evolving developments.
Businesses operating in Vietnam need to prepare for an escalation of the coronavirus in Vietnam and be ready for measures taken by the authorities to get enforced with little or no notice.
We recommend businesses in Vietnam contact their staff to ascertain where they are and discuss any regional or national advisories concerning travel. Staff experiencing any cough or flu-like symptoms should not return to the office or factory.
We are providing updates and advisories concerning ASEAN (as well as Vietnam) on this article here.
To prepare for business measures in Vietnam, we recommend reading through this article here, which contains advisory for businesses operating in China, but may also be required should an outbreak extend to affect businesses operating in Vietnam. We strongly advise precautionary measures begin to be taken.
While travel to Vietnam can continue, we recommend taking precautions and following advice from Vietnam’s Ministry of Health.
Basic precautions one can take to reduce their risk to the coronavirus as advised by the World Health Organization (WHO) are:
- Wash hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub;
- Cover nose and mouth with tissues or inside of elbow when coughing or sneezing;
- Avoid close contact with anyone with cold or flu-like symptoms;
- Thoroughly cook meat and eggs; and
- Avoid unprotected contact with live wild or farm animals
We will continue to provide updates as they become available.