Transparency International on September 26 announced the CPI 2007 of 180 countries and territories.
Vietnam has been named on TI’s CPI ranking list since 1997. For the past four years, the country’s points have remained at 2.6 out of a possible maximum 10 points. A TPI score of below 3.0 indicates that corruption is perceived as “rampant.” Vietnam ranks 123 out of 180 countries.
The CPI, announced annually since 1995, focuses on corruption in the public sector and defines corruption as the abuse of public office for private gain. The surveys used in compiling the CPI ask questions that relate to the misuse of public power for private benefit, for example bribery of public officials, kickbacks in public procurement, embezzlement of public funds, and questions that probe the strength of anti-corruption policies, thereby encompassing both administrative and political corruption.
The 2007 CPI draws on 14 different polls and surveys from 12 independent institutions, including the World Bank, the United Nations, the Asian Development Bank, the World Economic Forum among others. It evaluates countries on a scale from zero to ten, with zero indicating high levels of perceived corruption and ten indicating low levels of perceived corruption. For Vietnam, TI used nine sources of information.
In recent years, along with the issuance of the anti-corruption and anti-waste laws, various anti-corruption campaigns have been launched. However, the effort has been just enough to maintain the points, not enough to maintain the ranking.
TI’s comment that poorer countries have higher corruption ratios is accurate in the case of Vietnam. Of 229 countries and territories, Vietnam now ranks 158th in per capita income. Of 180 countries and territories, Vietnam ranks 123rd in corruption.
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VietnamNet Bridge, 28 Sep 07.
Persistent corruption in low-income countries requires global action
Transparency International’s 2007 Corruption Perceptions Index, 26 Sep 2007.
The divide in perceived levels of corruption in rich and poor countries remains as sharp as ever, according to the 2007 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), released today by Transparency International, the global coalition against corruption. Developed and developing countries must share responsibility for reducing corruption, in tackling both the supply and demand sides.
“Despite some gains, corruption remains an enormous drain on resources sorely needed for education, health and infrastructure,” said Huguette Labelle, Chair of Transparency International. “Low scoring countries need to take these results seriously and act now to strengthen accountability in public institutions. But action from top scoring countries is just as important, particularly in cracking down on corrupt activity in the private sector.”